what is the significance of mendel's experiment?

Asked by suryap2 | 21st Mar, 2011, 11:19: PM

Expert Answer:

Dear student,

Mendel's experimets shed light on the pattern of inheritance of characters from one generation to next.

Characters or traits from parents pass as unmodified unitsfactors (which we now call "genes") to successive generations according to set ratios.

Individuals possess two sets of factors: one of each received from either parent. It makes no difference if any one character is inherited from male or female: they both contribute in the same way. 

These factors are sometimes expressed and sometimes concealed but never lost.

Generally each unit is passed on independently from all other units. 

Certain characters were manifested much more frequently than others.

It appears that certain characters were not immediately expressed (recessive or hidden) in preference to others. The dominant The dominantcharacter appeared three times as frequently as the recessive character. So Mendel’s experiments showed that

i)              certain charcters are dominant while certain are recessive

ii)             traits assort independently through generations

iii)            gametes are pure as far as characters are concerned and characters segregate during crossing

Regards, Team Topperlearning

 

Answered by  | 23rd Mar, 2011, 10:34: AM

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