What is the importance of pineal gland?

Asked by  | 1st Jul, 2008, 10:06: AM

Expert Answer:

Pineal gland produces melatonin hormone. This hormone is important to maintain the sleep patterns and maintain the photoperiodic functions. Pineal gland appears to play a major role in sexual development, hibernation in animals, metabolism, and seasonal breeding. Melatonin levels are high at night and low during the day. Melatonin has important effects in integrating photoperiod and affecting circadian rhythms. Hence it has significant effects on reproduction, sleep-wake cycles and other phenomena showing circadian rhythm.

Answered by  | 1st Jul, 2008, 10:46: AM

Queries asked on Sunday & after 7pm from Monday to Saturday will be answered after 12pm the next working day.