what is tautomerism

Asked by madhur mishra | 4th Oct, 2011, 12:54: AM

Expert Answer:

Tautomers are isomers of organic compounds that readily interconvert by a chemical reaction called tautomerization. This reaction commonly results in the formal migration of a hydrogen atom or proton, accompanied by a switch of a single bond and adjacent double bond. The type of isomerism in which a substance exists in two readily interconvertible different structures leading to dynamic equilibrium is known as tautomerism. Because of the rapid interconversion, tautomers are generally considered to be the same chemical compound. Tautomerism is a special case of structural isomerism and can play an important role in non-canonical base pairing in DNA and especially RNA molecules. Common tautomeric pairs are:

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Answered by  | 4th Oct, 2011, 10:00: AM

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