What happens when acetaldehyde reacts with (1) semicarbazide (2) HCN (3) I2/NaOH (4) NaHSo3 (5) Dil. NaoH (6) phenyl hydrazine

Asked by ap996969 | 16th Mar, 2019, 10:14: PM

Expert Answer:

when acetaldehyde reacts with
(2) HCN
Addition of HCN to aldehydes and ketones yieldscyanohydrins.
 Because the reaction is very slow with pure HCN, it is catalysed with the help ofa base and the cyanide ion (CN) generated as a strong nucleophile adds to carbonyl compounds to give cyanohydrins.
 

(3) I2/NaOH
Aldehydes and ketones with at least one methyl group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom on oxidation with sodium hypohalite turn to sodium salts of corresponding acids with one carbon atom less than that of the carbonyl compound.In this reaction, the methyl group is converted to haloform.

(4) NaHSO3:
Sodium hydrogen sulphite when added to aldehydes and ketones yieldaddition products.
 Because of steric factors, the equilibrium is on the right-hand side for most aldehydes, and it is on the left-hand sidefor most ketones.

 

(5) Dil. NaoH
Aldehydes and ketones with at least one α-hydrogen undergo reaction in the presenceof dilute alkali as a catalystto formβ-hydroxy aldehydes (aldol) or β-hydroxy ketones (ketol),respectively. This is known as aldol reaction
 

Answered by Ramandeep | 17th Mar, 2019, 11:54: AM