What are the various types of atomic radii?

Asked by kshhitij | 16th Dec, 2012, 09:41: AM

Expert Answer:

Types of atomic radii:

  1. Ionic radius: the nominal radius of the ions of an element in a specific ionization state, deduced from the spacing of atomic nuclei in crystalline salts that include that ion. In principle, the spacing between two adjacent oppositely charged ions (the length of the ionic bond between them) should equal the sum of their ionic radii.
  2. Covalent radius: the nominal radius of the atoms of an element when covalently bound to other atoms, as deduced the separation between the atomic nuclei in molecules. In principle, the distance between two atoms that are bound to each other in a molecule (the length of that covalent bond) should equal the sum of their covalent radii.
  3. Metallic radius: the nominal radius of atoms of an element when joined to other atoms by metallic bonds. The metallic radius is half of the total distance between the nuclei of two adjacent atoms in a metallic cluster.
  4. Van der Waals radius: in principle, half the minimum distance between the nuclei of two atoms of the element that are not bound to the same molecule.
  5. Bohr radius: the radius of the lowest-energy electron orbit predicted by Bohr model of the atom (1913).It is only applicable to atoms and ions with a single electron, such as hydrogen, singly ionized helium.

Answered by  | 17th Dec, 2012, 10:54: AM

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