What are the two stages of democratic movement in Nepal?

Asked by Sthitaprajna Mishra | 18th Oct, 2014, 12:54: PM

Expert Answer:

Two stages of democratic movement in Nepal were:


Until 1990, Nepal was a constitutional monarchy and the king had all the major powers. As people protested against the monarchial rule, King Birendra, agreed to large scale political reforms resulting in the creation of the parliamentary monarchy. The king remained as the head of the state while, the Prime Minister was declared as the head of the government. The first free and fair elections were held in Nepal in 1991 and the Nepali Congress registered its victory.


In 2001, the king of Nepal was killed and the new king Gynandra took advantage of internal conflicts that were taking place in Nepal. In Feb. 2005, the king dissolved the Parliament and dismissed the Prime Minister and assumed all powers into his hands. This sparked protests by the people of Nepal who demanded restoration of democracy. They were also joined by the Maoist insurgents and various other organisations. The struggle for democracy continued and finally the king had to bow down. The Parliament and the interim government were formed and they passed many laws which greatly curtailed the powers of the king. This struggle came to be known as Nepal’s second movement for democracy

Answered by Social Science Expert | 20th Oct, 2014, 10:18: AM

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