What are the methods of irrigation. Explain.

Asked by chakradhara.raju | 12th May, 2020, 03:20: PM

Expert Answer:

Farmers can adopt the modern methods of irrigation in order to increase the crop yields.

Modern methods of irrigation

Basin irrigation

  • It is a kind of surface irrigation.
  • The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin.
  • Basins are flooded with water.
  • It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow.

Furrow irrigation

  • It is a kind of surface irrigation.
  • Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows.
  • It is used for crops which do not require much water.

Drip irrigation

  • Water is supplied through perforated pipes.
  • Pipes are placed in rows between the plants close to the roots.
  • It is the best method for water-scarce regions because a lot of water is saved.
  • It is used for fruit orchards, gardens and trees.

Sprinkle irrigation

  • Sprinklers or spray guns are attached to a large hosepipe at regular intervals to spray water.
  • It is suitable for all types of crops.

Answered by Ramandeep | 12th May, 2020, 07:08: PM