What are the drawbacks of Rutherford's atom model?

Asked by Topperlearning User | 4th Apr, 2014, 08:32: AM

Expert Answer:

The main drawbacks are given below :

  1. He could not explain properly the distribution of the electrons around the nucleus. 
  2. An electron revolving in circular orbit is an example of accelerated motion. As per classical physics, a particle in accelerated motion must radiate energy. Consequently energy of electron is goes on decreasing and ultimately falls into nucleus. Hence he couldn't explain the stability of the atom .
  3. According to it we should obtain radiation of all possible wavelengths whereas in actual practice atomic spectrum is line spectrum.He couldn't explain the origin of line spectrum.

 

Answered by  | 4th Apr, 2014, 10:32: AM