WHAT ARE HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES? WHAT ARE ITS FUNCTIONS...

Asked by lalsakshi | 4th Oct, 2011, 12:00: AM

Expert Answer:

Homologous chromosomes are chromosome pairs of the same length, centromere position, and staining pattern with genes for the same characteristics at corresponding loci. One homologous chromosome is inherited from the organism's mother, the other from the organism's father. 
These chromosomes are paired during meiosis. They have the same genes, but not necessarily the same alleles, at the same locus or location.
For example, two chromosomes may have genes encoding eye color, but one may code for brown eyes, the other for black.

A human cell contains 23 pairs of homologous chromosomes.

Answered by  | 6th Oct, 2011, 06:57: AM

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