WHAT ARE COVALENT BONDS? WHAT ARE THE LIMITATIONS OF MENDELEEV'S PERIODIC TABLE?

Asked by  | 16th May, 2012, 07:13: AM

Expert Answer:

A covalent compound is a compound in which the atoms that are bonded share electrons rather than transfer electrons from one to the other.  While ionic compounds are usually formed when metals bond to nonmetals, covalent compounds are formed when two nonmetals bond to each other.
 
The position of hydrogen was not correctly defined. It was placed in Group I although its properties resembled both the Group I elements (the alkali metals) and the group VII elements (the halogens).
In some cases Mendeleev placed elements according to their similarities in properties and not in increasing order of their atomic masses, while some dissimilar elements were grouped together. Thus, the position of these elements was not justified. For example, cobalt (at. mass 58.9) was placed before nickel (at. mass 58.6); copper and mercury are similar in their properties but were placed separately. Copper was placed in group I although it did not resemble the elements of this group.
In certain pairs of elements like, Ar (40) and K (39); Co (58.9) and Ni (58.6); Te (127.6) and I (126.9) the arrangement was not justified. For example, argon was placed before potassium whereas its atomic mass is more than potassium.
Isotopes are atoms of the same element having different atomic mass but same atomic number. For e.g., there are three isotopes of hydrogen with atomic mass 1, 2, and 3. According to Mendeleev's periodic table these should be placed at three separate places. However isotopes have not been given separate places in the periodic table.
Fourteen elements that follow lanthanum called lanthanides and fourteen elements following actinium called actinides were not given proper places in Mendeleev's periodic table.


Answered by  | 16th May, 2012, 09:08: AM

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