tell me about hybridsation, sp2, sp3 etc

Asked by deepaksinghsengar | 27th Jun, 2010, 02:53: PM

Expert Answer:

The phenomenon is known as hybridisation which can be defined as the process of intermixing of the orbitals of slightly different energies so as to redistribute their energies, resulting in the formation of new set of orbitals of equivalent energies and shape. For example when one 2s and three 2p-orbitals of carbon hybridise, there is the formation of four new sp3 hybrid orbitals.
 
sp2 hybridisation : In this hybridisation there is involvement of one s and two p-orbitals in order to form three equivalent sp2 hybridised orbitals.
 
sp3 hybridisation : In this hybridisation there is involvement of one s and three p-orbitals in order to form four equivalent sp3 hybridised orbitals.

Answered by  | 19th Jul, 2010, 10:22: AM

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