sir please explain how to prove law of conservation of momentem

Asked by kartikeya vimal | 1st Jun, 2013, 07:14: PM

Expert Answer:

law of conservation of momentum can be proved very easily:
consider a system containing
two bodies having mass m1 and m2 moving with a initial velocity u1 and u2 respectively.After collision the first body attains a final vecity v1 and the second body attains the final velocity as v2.
The momentum of the first body and second body before collision is:-
P1=m1u1 P2=m2u2
The momentum of the first body and second body after collision is:-
P1'=m1v1 P2'=m2v2
force exerted by the first body on the second body is
F12=P1'-P1/t
F12=m1v1-m1u1/t
similarly
force exerted by the second body on the first body is
F21=P2'-P2/t
F21=m2v2-m2u2/t
According to newtons third law of motion, the force exerted by the first body on the second body should be equal and opposite.
Thus,
=>F12= -F21
=>m1v1-m1u1/t= -(m2v2-m2u2)/t
=>m1v1-m1u1= -m2v2+m2u2 (by cancelling "t"on both sides)
=>m1v1+m2v2=m1u1+m2u2
=>m1u1+m2u2=m1v1+m2v2
thus,
the total momentum of the two bodies before collision is equal to the total momentum of the two bodies after the collision.
Hence,the momentum of two bodies are conserved,provided no external force acts on it.

Answered by  | 1st Jun, 2013, 11:55: PM

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