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CBSE Class 9 Answered

<div><a style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; border: 0px; outline: 0px; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #0081cd; font-family: Lato, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; line-height: 14px; background: #ecf0f4;"> <div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; background: transparent;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; background: transparent;">Q5. Name the theory which explains the formation of himalayas. What types of mountain system is it. Explain its formation and describe its different ranges with their salient features</div> <div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; background: transparent;">&nbsp;</div> </a></div>
Asked by vatsalchoudhary41 | 11 Jul, 2014, 04:38: AM
Expert Answer

The Himalayan mountains are the young fold mountains. Fold mountains are formed due to the folding of the Earth's crust. The Himalayas were formed as a result of collision between the two tectonic plates- the Indo- Australian plate and the Eurasian plate. The Himalayas are divided into three different ranges. They are :

Shiwaliks: These are the outer most range of the Himalayas. Their height varies between 900 to 110 meters. Shiwaliks have been formed due to the depositional activities of the rivers. They are covered with thick gravel and alluvium soil. Duns are the valleys that lie between the lesser and the greater Himalayas. Dehra Dun, Kotli Dun and Patli Dun are some famous Duns in the Shiwaliks.

Himadri: It is the northernmost range of the Himalayas. It is also known as the Inner or the Great Himalayas. This range contains all the loftiest peaks in the world whose average height is about 6000 meters.

Himachal: This range of the Himalayas is also known as the Lesser Himalayas. This range has been made up of compressed rocks. the height of this range varies between 3,500 to 4,500 meters. Pir Panjal is the longest range of this region. This range is famous for many hill stations. Hill stations like Kullu Manali, Shimla, Nainital, Dharmshala are located in this range of the Himalayas.

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