Q. How was the life of workers affected by Indian trade under company rule?

Asked by debaratib24 | 30th Jun, 2015, 06:31: PM

Expert Answer:

As industrial units expanded over newer territories in the latter part of the 19th century, mills hands came in search for work from the districts around such units. Most of them often moved between the city and the village, going back to their village homes for crop harvets and festivals. As more and more factories came up, workers from distant and remote parts of India travelled to the industrial towns in search of work. For example, in the initial years of 20th century, there was a great rush of working hands from United Provinces to the textiles mills of Bombay and Jute Mills of Kolkata. However, despite the expnential growth in the industrial sector, the number of people seeking work was always more than the demand for labour. Entry into the mills was also restricted. Industrialists, whether Indian or European, used the services of a 'jobber' for recruitment. The jobber sourced labourers from his own village, ensured them jobs, helped them settle in the cities and laoned them money in emergency situations. The workers had to be in his good books. To this purpose, the workers often advanced him money and gifts and let him control their lives to a certain extent.

Answered by Soumil Shukla | 1st Jul, 2015, 05:57: PM

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