Please explain

Asked by  | 21st Mar, 2009, 11:23: AM

Expert Answer:

Photo emisive cell is a type of gas-filled or vacuum tube that is extremely sensitive to light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

 

Operating principles:

Phototubes operate according to the photoelectric effect: Incoming photons strike a photocathode, generating electrons, which are attracted to an anode. Thus current flow is dependent on the frequency and intensity of incoming photons. Unlike photomultiplier tubes, no amplification takes place, so the current generated is typically on the order of microamperes.

 

Applications

One major application of the phototube was the reading of optical sound tracks for projected films. Phototubes were used in a variety of light-sensing applications until they were superseded by photoresistors and photodiodes.

Answered by  | 27th Mar, 2009, 12:16: PM

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