Pleas explain the sign convension in kirchoff's rule ( ch-3).

Asked by  | 22nd Feb, 2010, 02:17: PM

Expert Answer:

Dear student,

he emf of a cell is positive when one moves in the direction of increasing potential (i.e., negative pole to positive pole) through the cell and is negative when one moves from positive to negative.

The product of resistance and current, i.e., the IR term, in any arm of the circuit is taken negative if one moves in a closed path, in the same direction of the assumed current; and positive if in the opposite direction.

Hope this helps.

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Answered by  | 22nd Feb, 2010, 03:03: PM

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