Photoelectric effect

Asked by  | 26th Apr, 2008, 09:27: PM

Expert Answer:

The photoelectric effect is a phenomenon in which electrons are emitted from matter after the absorption of energy from electromagnetic radiation such as x-rays or visible light.The emitted electrons can be referred to as photoelectrons

 

Laws of photoelectric emission

  1. For a given metal and frequency of incident radiation, the rate at which photoelectrons are ejected is directly proportional to the intensity of the incident light.
  2. For a given metal, there exists a certain minimum frequency of incident radiation below which no photoelectrons can be emitted. This frequency is called the threshold frequency.
  3. Above the threshold frequency, the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectron is independent of the intensity of the incident light but depends on the frequency of the incident light.
  4. The time lag between the incidence of radiation and the emission of a photoelectron is very small, less than 10-9 second.

Answered by  | 23rd May, 2008, 12:35: PM

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