Name three methods of vegetative propagation in plants

Asked by manju.bajaj226 | 14th Feb, 2019, 08:59: PM

Expert Answer:

Methods of Vegetative Propagation:

Natural Vegetative Propagation






  • Underground, horizontal, branching stem.

Ginger, turmeric etc.

Stem tuber


  • Swollen tip of underground, lateral stem.

Potato, artichoke etc.



  • Short, vertical, underground stem, swollen with reserved food.

Crocus, gladiolus etc.





  • Underground, lateral branches.
  • Their ends turn up and produce buds.

Mint, pear, banana etc.



  • Grow rapidly along the ground, producing buds and adventitious roots at intervals. These become separate plants.

Strawberry, creeping grass, Desmodium etc.



  • Short stout runners terminated by a single bud. 

Houseleek (Pistia), Eichhornia etc.



  • When a weak stem falls over and touches the ground, its tip swells. It develops adventitious roots and the further growth is continued by a lateral bud.

Blackberry, fern etc.


Root tubers


  • Swollen fibrous roots, each capable of developing into a new plant.

Dahlia, sweet potato etc.


Leaf buds

  • Bud detaches and grows into a new plant.

Dahlia, sweet potato etc.


  • Detachable buds

Yam etc.

Artificial Vegetative Propagation



Cutting is removing a portion of the stem and fixing it into the soil to allow the growth of roots and shoots.


Stem cutting: Rose, Bougainvillea, etc.

Root cutting: Lemon, tamarind etc.

Grafting is joining a part (stem or bud) of a living plant to another, causing it to grow as a part of another plant.

Sapota, mango, guava, apple, orange, peach, rose etc.

Types of grafting

1.Approach grafting

2.Cleft grafting

3.Tongue grafting/whip grafting

4.Bud grafting

Layering is a method in which a branch of the plant is covered with some material and supplied with water to produce roots.

Hibiscus, jasmine, rose, Bougainvilleaetc.

Types of layering

1.Air/aerial layering

2.Ground/mound layering

Answered by Sivanand Patnaik | 15th Feb, 2019, 09:37: AM