Asked by  | 26th Sep, 2008, 09:50: PM

Expert Answer:

The night vision of owls is 100 times as keen as that of human beings, because their eyes are especially adapted for seeing in the dark. But most are almost color-blind and the pictures they receive are slightly blurred. This is because their eyes contain more rod-shaped receptor cells than cone-shaped ones.

Operating in bright light, cone cells sharpen details and react to color. Rod cells gather light and owls have 10 times as many of these as do human beings. Each cell contains "visual purple", a substance capable of transforming the slightest glimmer of light into a sight impression.

Owls have exceptionally large eyes and can control the amount of light entering by expanding or contracting the pupil. Each pupil can act independently of the other so that owls can see objects in the shadows and in bright light at the same time.

Answered by  | 26th Sep, 2008, 11:36: PM

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