how was value of 'G' calculated??

Asked by indrayani | 7th Dec, 2009, 07:19: PM

Expert Answer:

The value of G was calculated by using torsion balance by Cavendish.

The torsion balance consists of a bar suspended from its middle by a thin fiber. The fiber acts as a very weak torsion spring. If an unknown force is applied at right angles to the ends of the bar, the bar will rotate, twisting the fiber, until it reaches an equilibrium where the twisting force or torque of the fiber balances the applied force. Then the magnitude of the force is proportional to the angle of the bar. The sensitivity of the instrument comes from the weak spring constant of the fiber, so a very weak force causes a large rotation of the bar.

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Answered by  | 7th Dec, 2009, 07:38: PM

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