How has federal Division of power in Indiahelped national Unity?

Asked by tultuldutta58 | 23rd May, 2017, 07:53: PM

Expert Answer:

Federalism is system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country. It provides for a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common national goals. 
This devise has helped India in maintaining its unity in the following manner:
  • Creation of Linguistic states: After independence of 1947, boundaries of several states were altered so as to ensure that people speaking the same language resides in the same state. Though, it was feared that it would split up the nation, however, it bought people closer to each other.
  • Language Policy: At the time of independence, 40% of Indians spoke Hindi. Thus, instead of selecting Hindi as the official language, our leaders adopted a very cautious attitude while forming the language policy. They besides hindi, recognised 21 other languages as scheduled languages. 
  • Third Level of government: The Constitution gave the necessary powers to the third level of government - the local government. It was able to connect to the people at the ground level, which helped them to solve their issues quickly and easily. 

Hence, it can be said that federal divison of power has helped in national unity.

·         After Independence, there was a great deal of confusion as to which language should be the official language of the country. While Hindi-speaking states wanted Hindi to be declared as the national language, many non-speaking states wanted English to remain as the official language of the country.

Answered by Akanksha Kaul | 24th May, 2017, 06:50: PM

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