how do we determine the group and period to which the element belongs if their atomic number is given?

Asked by Apoorva Sakshi | 15th Feb, 2014, 05:51: PM

Expert Answer:

  1. First take the Atomic number of the given element. Say Cl... Atomic no. 17
  2. Then calculate the electronic configuration using the atomic number 2+8+7=17 therefore the electronic configuration will be 2, 8, 7.
  3.  Here we find that the no of valence electrons of element is 7 as the valence shell has 7 electrons.
  4. So know we easily understand that the group is 7 because the no of valence electrons is 7.
  5. Now to find the period we have to understand that the period is the number of shell the element is having therefore here chlorine has 3 shells (K-2, L-8, and M-7). So the period of the given element is 3.

Thus the position of the given element (here chlorine) is …..

Group

VII A (17th )

Valence electrons = 7

Period

3rd

Number of shells = 3

 

Answered by  | 17th Feb, 2014, 11:00: AM

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