How could weaving industries possibly survive? 

Asked by pdcavita | 27th Oct, 2017, 10:05: AM

Expert Answer:

Weavers in India suffered after industrialisation in Britain. It was hard to find good quality cotton and cheap machine made British cloth had flooded the Indian market. Many of the weavers became poorer and lost their source of income.

 However, many weavers were able to survive because in the twentieth century, the handloom production expanded because of the following reasons:

  • Weavers used new technology for weaving clothes. Many weavers were using looms with the fly shuttle which increased a worker’s productivity. Many other technological innovations also helped the weavers to compete with the mill produce.
  • Weavers manufactured both coarse and fine cloth. While the coarse cloth was bought by the poor, the fine cloth was bought by the rich. The sale of fine cloth such as Benarasi sarees did not decline even during famines as the rich could still afford to buy these.
  • Mills also could not imitate special designs such as sarees with woven borders.

Weavers continued to make cloth though they were not a prosperous class, and they often lived hard lives. 

 

Answered by Shubhali Kulshrestha | 27th Oct, 2017, 11:17: AM

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