How can we determine whether a compound is organic or inorganic ?

Asked by gpnkumar0 | 3rd Jul, 2016, 09:08: PM

Expert Answer:

  • Organic compounds contain carbon with the exception of few carbon compounds like oxides, carbonates, carbides and cyanides which are inorganic compounds.
  • They generally do not dissolve in water but dissolve in organic solvents like alcohol, benzene and chloroform.
  • They have low m.p andb.p and decompose easily on heating.
  • They are inflammable and catch fire easily.
  • They form covalent bonds and are non-electrolytes.
  • Organic compounds have characteristic colour and odour and show the phenomenon of isomerism.
 
  • Inorganic compounds do not contain carbon except for the following carbon compounds; oxides, carbonates, carbides and cyanides.
  • They dissolve in water but insoluble in organic solvents.
  • They have high m.p and b.p and usually do not decompose on heating.
  • They do not burn easily and form ionic bonds.
  • They are good electrolytes.
  • They do not show the phenomenon of isomerism and most of them are colourless and odourless.

Answered by Vaibhav Chavan | 4th Jul, 2016, 09:19: AM