How can we classify acids?  (3 marks)
How can we classify bases? (3 marks)

Asked by sindhuanandvadi | 9th Sep, 2016, 10:27: PM

Expert Answer:

 
 Acids can be classified as Mineral acids and Organic Acids.
Mineral acids: These are prepared from the minerals obtained from earth crust.
Example: HCl, HNO3 etc.
Organic acids: These are present naturally and contains carboxylic functional group.
Example: HCOOH (formic acid), CH3COOH (acetic acid), etc.
 
Bases can be classified as water soluble and water insoluble bases.
Water soluble bases: They are also called as alkali.
Example: NaOH, KOH, etc.
Water insoluble bases: 
Example: CuO, etc
 
On the basis of strength, the acids can be classified as strong acids and weak acids.
Also bases acn be classified as strong bases and weak bases.
 
On the basis of solvent or water content present:
On the basis of dilution, acids can be classified as concentrated acids and diluted acids.
On the basis of dilution, bases can be classified as concentrated bases and diluted bases.

Answered by Prachi Sawant | 11th Sep, 2016, 09:06: PM