give a notes on prevention is better than cure based on 1. proper nutrition 2.clean food 3.pure drinking water 4.clean surrounding 5.avoiding over crowded places 6.domestic hygiene 7.personal hygiene 8.regularity 9.exercise 10.relaxation 11.vaccination and please give in detail of each of 50 words which i have written that 11 points and also with pictures for all the 11 points

Asked by Akshay Rajput | 11th Dec, 2013, 09:03: PM

Expert Answer:

1. Proper Nutrition:

Proper nutrition helps our body to carry out all the metabolic activities in normal manner.

Intake of balance diet i.e. consumption of right proportion of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals will help to keep the dieases away.

 

2. Clean Food:

Eating hygienic food is another key.

One should avoid eating from open spaces.

One should avoid eating junk food.

Food contaminated with germs is a cause of many infectious diseases like cholera, typhoid, etc.

 

3. Pure Drinking Water:

Many pathogens thrive in water.

When contaminated water is mixed with the potable water, the water borne diseases spread.

Drinking water must be purified either by boiling it or using water purifiers.

The storage tanks should be cleaned regularly.

The water pipes should not be in close vicinity with the sewage pipes.

 

4. Clean Surroundings:

Sewage and chemical wastes should not be released into water bodies.

Sewage should be chemically treated first before being released into water bodies.

Garbage must be kept covered otherwise flies breed on it.

All drains must be covered.

Do not allow water to stagnate near your house.

 

5. Avoiding overcrowded places:

Many diseases spread through air.

Coughing and sneezing of infected people carry many pathogens which a healthy person can inhale.

So one should avoid going into overcrowded areas.

 

6. Domestic hygiene:

The floorings of the house should be cleaned regularly.

The toilets must be cleaned regularly.

Kitchens must kept cleaned.

Dry garbage and wet garbage must be disposed off regularly.

 

7. Personal Hygiene:

A. Hands

Wash your hands before and after eating, after using toilets.

Cut your nails regularly.

Avoid unhygienic habits such as nail biting, nose picking, etc.

 

B. Eyes

Read under proper amount of light.

Wash eye daily with tap water.

Avoid watching television or sitting in front of the computer for prolonged time.

Avoid rubbing your eyes.

If you experience redness of eye or any other abnormal condition, visit ophthalmologist.

C. Ears

Never put any sharp objects inside the ears.

Avoid exposure to loud noise.

If there is any injury to the ear, consult a doctor.

 

D. Nose          

Avoid nose-picking

Clean the nose while bathing.

Do not sniff or blow the nose hard.

 

E. Teeth and Gums   

Brush teeth twice daily.

Wash mouth and clean your teeth after eating or drinking.

In case of tooth decay or bleeding of gums, visit the doctor

 

F. Skin

Moisturise the skin to prevent drying and cracking of the skin.

Take bath regularly. Use mild soap.

Avoid exposure to high intensity sunlight.

Apply sun screen lotion while going into the sunlight.

In case of any skin infection, visit dermatologist.

 

G. Hair           

Wash hair regularly with mild shampoo.

Comb hair regularly.

Do not share combs and brushes with others.

 

 

I. Healthy Habits

Eat food at regular hours

Go to bed early

Wake up early

Avoid eating junk food

Avoid addiction of tobacco, alcohol, drugs, etc.

 

8. Regularity and Exercise

One must do exercise daily.

Regular exercise helps in normal functioning of the body.

Meditation and yoga also helps to remain healthy.

Following regular regime is very important to keep yourself free.

 

9.  Relaxation:

One should take proper rest.

One should take sufficient sleep which is 6 to 8 hours.

One should take some time out their busy schedule to relax their body and mind.

 

10. Vaccination:

It is the process of artificially administering weakened germs or germ substances into the body for developing resistance to a particular disease.

Vaccine is a biological preparation i.e. weakened germs or germs substances which are used to develop antibodies.

Vaccines are introduced to a person’s body either orally or by injections.

When the vaccine is introduced, WBCs are stimulated to produce antibodies for that particular disease.

 

National Immunisation Schedule:

Age

Vaccinations

p  3 – 12 months

DTP – 3 doses at intervals of 4 – 6 weeks

Polio (oral) – 3 doses at intervals of 4 – 6 weeks

BCG

p  9 – 15 months

Measles vaccine – one dose

p  18 - 24 months

DTP – booster dose

p   

Polio (oral) – booster dose

p  5 – 6 years

DT against diphtheria and tetanus, booster dose

p   

Typhoid (TAB) vaccine – 2 doses at an interval of 1 – 2 months

p  10 years

Tetanus toxoid

p   

Typhoid vaccine

p  16 years

Tetanus toxoid

 

Typhoid Vaccine

DTP = Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis

DT = Diphtheria and Tetanus

BCG = Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin

Answered by Hemangi Binny | 12th Dec, 2013, 10:37: AM

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