For a given subshell,is the shape of all orbitals,present in tht subshell the same?for example,if we consider s subshell,will the orbitals as well as the subshell will b spherical?

Asked by isha007 | 25th Aug, 2010, 09:52: PM

Expert Answer:

An s orbital's shape is spherical, but the p orbital's shape is quite different.
They have two lobes extending out into three dimensional space. Since there are 3 p orbitals per energy level, the lobes extend out along the x-axis (px orbital), the y-axis (py orbital), and the z-axis (pz orbital).
 
The d orbital's shapes are even more complex because there are 5 orbitals in a d subshell.
Four of the five d orbitals (dxy, dxz, dyz, and dx2-y2) have four lobes extending out perpendicular to each other.
The last one, dz2, has two lobes extending out along the z-axis with a doughnut-shaped ring around the center on the x-y plane 

Answered by  | 26th Aug, 2010, 10:22: AM

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