Find the most steam volatile species.

(Please see attached question and explain in details)

Asked by subhrojyotighosh8 | 20th Jul, 2020, 10:44: PM

Expert Answer:

Melting and boiling points of any solid or liquid are depend on the hydrogen bonding between the molecules.
 
In this case o-nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol both shows hydrogen bonding.
hydrogen bonding has two types intermolecular(between two molecules) and intramolecular(within the molecule) hydrogen bonding.
Intermolecular bonding is stronger hence compounds having intermolecular bonding have higher boiling points, whereas its mostly opposite in intramolecular bonding.
 
Due to inramolecular bonding in o-nitrophenol is more steam volatile than p-nitrophenol.

Answered by Ramandeep | 21st Jul, 2020, 12:16: PM

Queries asked on Sunday & after 7pm from Monday to Saturday will be answered after 12pm the next working day.