explain the haloalkanes in the easy way

Asked by Shïväm Sáîñī | 28th Sep, 2013, 04:39: PM

Expert Answer:

Haloalkanes or Halogenoalkanes are compounds in which one or more hydrogen atoms of an alkane have been replaced by halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine). 

Few examples:

Depending upon the position of the halogen atoms, the haloalkanes are classified as primary,secondary and tertiary.

In a primary (1°) halogenoalkane, the carbon which carries the halogen atom is only attached to one other alkyl group.

In a secondary (2°) halogenoalkane, the carbon with the halogen attached is joined directly to two other alkyl groups, which may be the same or different.

Examples:

In a tertiary (3°) halogenoalkane, the carbon atom holding the halogen is attached directly to three alkyl groups, which may be any combination of same or different.


Answered by  | 29th Sep, 2013, 08:30: AM

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