Explain the causes , consequences of battle of Buxar?

Asked by harshakabra12 | 30th Sep, 2015, 08:51: AM

Expert Answer:

Even though the English East India Company had instated Mir Qasim as the nawab of Bengal and wanted him to grant the British trade concessions and other privileges, this was easier said than done. Though under the political domination of the Company, the Nawab at least had to maintain a pretense of sovereignty in front of his subjects. This the British officials refused to understand and pushed more and more for trade concessions. This irked Mir Qasim and soon became uncooperative. As a result, the Company's troops engaged Nawab's forces at the Battle of Baxar in 1764.

After the conclusion of the Battle of Buxar, the British truly became an entrenched power in Bengal. It can be said that the British Empire truly began after the British victory at Baxar. The victory in the battle enabled the Company to extend their political control over Awadh. The British compelled Shah Alam II to sign the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765. It stipulated that Awadh be returned to Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah in return for Kora and Allahabad. He was to pay Rs. 50 lakh to the British in return for the assurance that they would defend his territories against enemies. However, the Nawab himself would have to pay for the expenses incurred by the British while doing so. Awadh was made a buffer state between the British territories in Bengal and the Marathas possessions. Shah Alam II granted the Diwani rights over the regions of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the Company. This gave the British the authority to collect revenue and dispense justice in civil cases. The British authority over Bengal became legal after the Battle of Buxar. The British granted Kora and Allahabad to Shah Alam II and an annual pension of Rs. 25 lakh rupees.

Answered by Soumil Shukla | 30th Sep, 2015, 03:54: PM