explain the bonding of carbon in a graphite as well as in diamond

Asked by ppratim02 | 29th Sep, 2014, 07:17: AM

Expert Answer:

Carbon has an electronic arrangement of 2, 4. In diamond, each carbon shares electrons with four other carbon atoms forming four single bonds.

 In graphite, each carbon atom uses three of its electrons to form simple bonds to its three close neighbours. That leaves a fourth electron in the bonding level. These spare electrons in each carbon atom become delocalized over the whole of the sheet of atoms in one layer. They bare no longer associated directly with any particular atom or pair of atoms, but are free to wander throughout the whole sheet.

The structures of diamond and graphite are as follows:

Answered by Prachi Sawant | 29th Sep, 2014, 10:43: AM

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