explain connective tissues and its parts/types also

Asked by badesraajay | 21st Jul, 2015, 07:50: PM

Expert Answer:

Connective tissue consists of a matrix and the cells are embedded in it.
It is found in the deeper parts of the body, between the skin and muscles.
It connects various organs and keeps them in place.
There are three types of connective tissue:

Connective Tissue Proper/Loose Connective Tissue:

  • It is composed of irregular cells scattered and embedded in a soft matrix and encompasses all internal organs and body cavities.
  • It acts as a binding and supporting structure within the body.
  • Types of connective tissue proper:

Type

Characteristics

Location

Function

Areolar tissue

 

Made of gelatinous matrix containing cells and irregularly arranged fibres

Found between the skin and muscles, around the blood vessels, nerves and in the bone marrow

Supports and strengthens the internal organs

Adipose tissue

 

Cells are filled with fat globules

Found beneath the skin, around the kidneys and other internal organs such as intestines 

Insulates the body and prevents the loss of heat

Fibrous tissue

 

 

Mainly formed of fibre-forming cells, which form the tendons and ligaments

 

Found in the spaces between the bones and muscles 

Tendons help to attach muscles to the bones. Ligaments serve to hold the structures together and keep them strong and stable

 

Supportive Connective Tissue/Dense Connective Tissue:
  • Types It is composed of fibre as its main matrix element and is found in bones and cartilages.
  • It connects different tissues.

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