exactly how does a capacitor work in an ac circuit

Asked by  | 1st Apr, 2008, 10:47: PM

Expert Answer:

Step 1 - At point a the voltage is zero and the capacitor is uncharged. Initially, the voltage increases quickly.  When the voltage reaches a peak at point b, the capacitor is fully charged and the current is momentarily zero.

Step 2 - After reaching a peak, the voltage starts dropping.must discharge  When the voltage passes through zero at point c, it's changing quite rapidly; to match this voltage the current must be large and negative.

Step 3 - Between points c and d, the voltage is negative. Charge builds up again on the capacitor plates, but the polarity is opposite to what it was in step one.

Step 4 - After point d, the voltage heads toward zero and the capacitor must discharge. When the voltage reaches zero it's gone through a full cycle so it's back to point a again to repeat the cycle.

Answered by  | 22nd May, 2008, 04:21: PM

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