Elaborate on the national parties of India in the following format in about 100-150 words per party.
 
1. Formation
2. Past Record (legacy)
3. Leaders
4. Ideology (political philosophy)
5. Present Status

Asked by Sthitaprajna Mishra | 6th Dec, 2014, 08:58: PM

Expert Answer:

National Party – Bharatiya Janata Party

 

1. Formation: It was officially formed in 1980, under the political guidance and leadership of two of its most significant leaders, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L.K. Advani. 

2. Past record

  • After its formation it emerged as strong critic of the Indian National Congress.
  • It became a major political voice of the Ram Janm Bhoomi movement and played a pivotal role in the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya.
  • In 1996, under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, it managed to form a 13-day government. In 1999 the BJP-led NDA won with a clear majority with BJP garnering the sweeping out maximum votes.
  • It also came up with new policies and schemes aimed at all-round development of the nation and infrastructure development.

3. Leaders:

  • Narendra Modi: Prime Minister of India.
  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee: Senior Leader of BJP.
  • L K Advani: Senior Leader of BJP.
  • Rajnath Singh: Ex-President of BJP-Singh is currently the Union Minister of Home Affairs.
  • Shri Amit Shah: President of BJP.
  • Sushma Swaraj: Ex Chief Minister of Delhi and current Minister of External Affairs.
  • Arun Jaitley: The Minister of Finance and the Minister of Defence in the present government.
  • Nitin Gadkari: Ex-President of the BJP

4. Ideology: It believes in Hindutva or Cultural Nationalism. However, they believe in Hindutva as a nationalist, and not a religious or theocratic, concept.

5. Present Status: In the general elections of 2014, it managed to win 31.0% of all votes and 282 (51.9%) of all seats. It is the first time since the 1984 Indian general elections that a party has won enough seats to govern without the support of other parties. Therefore, BJP and its allies won the right to form the largest majority government since the 1984 general election.

Please follow the above given format for rest of the National Parties. 

Answered by Akanksha Kaul | 8th Dec, 2014, 07:40: PM

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