Dipoles consist of two equal and opposite charges, dont they experience a force between themselves?

Asked by  | 25th Apr, 2009, 06:54: AM

Expert Answer:

Polarity in a molecule results from the uneven partial charge distribution between various atoms in a molecule. And the separation of the partial charges within the atoms in a molecule creates an electric dipole.

A dipole formed at moelcular or atomic level has charges separated due variation in electron affinity of constituent atoms  or other factors. So the electric forces are certainly in action, here. They do exert forces on each , which get balanced due to other electrical  forces arising due to electron affinity & symmetry distriubtion of electron clouds around teh constituent atoms.


Refer to our episode on : Electrostatics of Dielectrics, Class XII Phy, for further understanding on this concept.




Answered by  | 29th Aug, 2009, 02:40: PM

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