Differentiate between overloading and short-circuiting?

Asked by devanshu_jain | 18th Feb, 2010, 07:22: PM

Expert Answer:

Short Circuit:
- Short Circuit occurs when neutral wire gets in contact with the live wire due to some internal damage of the circuit.
- Short-cicuit causes heavy current in the system which produces heat resulting in fire or explosion. 
- In case of short - circuit current flows through unintended path. 
 
 
Overloading: 
- Overloaing occurs when a large number of devices are connected to single supply/socket. 
- Overloading is the situation in which the current flowing through the system or component is much higher than the nominal current rating.
- Current flows through intended path. Unclearance of overloading condition results in short circuit. 

Answered by Shiwani Sawant | 19th Feb, 2010, 06:56: AM