define the following in brief and also with one example each 1.probability 2.trails 3.random experiment 4.sample space 5.alimentary event 6.compound event

Asked by Akshay Rajput | 16th Dec, 2013, 07:35: PM

Expert Answer:

1) Probability is a quantitative measure of certainty. For example the probability of getting a head when a coin is tossed is ½.

 

2) Any particular performance of a random experiment is called a trial. By Experiment or Trial in the subject of probability, we mean a Random experiment unless otherwise specified.


Each trial results in one or more outcomes

Example: tossing a coin, Picking 2 balls from a bag containing 15 balls 9 of which are red and 6 blue

3) If an experiment, when repeated under identical conditions, do not produce the same outcome every time but the outcome in a trial is one of the several possible outcomes, then it is known as a random or probabilistic experiment.

Example of random experiments:

(i)          Tossing a fair coin

(ii)         Rolling an unbiased die

(iii)        Drawing a card from a well shuffled pack of cards

 

 

4) The collection of all possible outcomes is called the sample space.

Example: In a single throw of a die, the possible outcomes are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6. Thus, the sample space for rolling a die is {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

 

5) An outcome of a random experiment is called an elementary event.

Example: Consider the random experiment of tossing of a coin. The possible outcomes of this experiment are head (H) or tail (T).

 

6) An event associated to a random experiment is a compound event if it is obtained by combining two or more elementary events associated to the random experiment.

Example: In a single throw of a die, the event "Getting an odd number" is a compound event as it is obtained by combining three elementary events, namely, 1, 3, 5.

Answered by  | 18th Dec, 2013, 03:40: PM

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