define conservative and non conservative forces of energy?

Asked by rishabhmehta007 | 19th Sep, 2010, 12:00: AM

Expert Answer:

A conservative force is a force with the property that the work done in moving a particle between two points is independent of the path taken. Equivalently, if a particle travels in a closed loop, the net work done (the sum of the force acting along the path multiplied by the distance travelled) by a conservative force is zero.
Forces that do not store energy are called nonconservative or dissipative forces. Friction is a nonconservative force, and there are others. Any friction-type force, like air resistance, is a nonconservative force. The energy that it removes from the system is no longer available to the system for kinetic energy.
If you move a particle from A to B, by following different trajectories and you still get the same WORK, then the force is CONSERVATIVE. When the work is trajectory dependent the force is NON-CONSERVATIVE.

Remember the formal definition of work is

Work depends on the trajectory.

Answered by  | 19th Sep, 2010, 10:09: PM

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