could u pls make a comparision table of all the kingdoms of biodiversity ..

Asked by Sakshi | 17th Nov, 2013, 01:03: PM

Expert Answer:

KINGDOM

CHARACTERISTICS

EXAMPLES

Monera

 

    

1. Unicellular, made up of a single cell 

2. Have a prokaryotic cell structure

3. The cell lacks a distinct nucleus, nuclear  material is organized in the form of a circular, double stranded  and helical DNA, devoid of nuclear membrane

4. The cytoplasm lacks well-organized cell organelles, except for ribosome. 

5. Cell wall is generally present, except in Mycoplasmas

6. Mode of nutrition is either, autotrophic or heterotrophic

Bacteria, Cyanobacteria,  Mycoplasma

Protista

  

1. Contain a well-defined nucleus, enclosed in a nuclear membrane, presence of a nucleolus

2. Protoplasm surrounded by plasma membrane

3. Cytoplasm contains  various cell organelles

4. Nuclear material organized in the form of a linear, double stranded and helical DNA , along with proteins  

 

Chlamydomonas, Euglena, Amoeba, Paramoecium, Pandorina

Fungi

 

 

1. Mostly multicellular

2. Body called mycelium is composed of  several thread-like structures called  hyphae

3. Possesses a true nucleus and a definite cell wall, made up of chitin

4. Lacks chloroplast

5. Mode of nutrition is heterotrophic

6. Saprophytic fungi utilize dead and decaying organic matter as a source of food

7. Parasitic fungi thrive on other living organisms to obtain their food

Mucor, Rhizopus, Puccinia, Ustilago, Albugo, Penicillium, Aspergillus

 

Plantae

 

     

1. Multicellular eukaryotic

2. Cell is bound by a cell wall, made up of  cellulose

3. Contains a true nucleus and membrane-bound cell organelles

4. Contains a large vacuole  bound by a single membrane

5. Contains a double membrane-bound cell organelle, called plastid, which possess a photosynthetic pigment, called chlorophyll, which enables them to prepare their own food

6. Mode of nutrition is autotrophic

7. The excess food  material is stored in the form of starch and lipids

8. Mostly non-motile, stationary

9. Growth is indefinite

Algae, Moss, fern, Pine, Hibiscus

Animalia

   

1. Eukaryotic multicellular, lack chlorophyll

2. Mostly free living, some lead a sedentary life

3. Lack  cell wall and  plastid

4. Presence of smaller vacuoles

5. Heterotrophic mode of nutrition

6. Growth is limited 

Earthworm, Sycon, Beetle, Toad, etc.

Answered by Hemangi Binny | 18th Nov, 2013, 09:33: AM

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