CHAPTER- HEALTH AND HYGINE

SHORT ANSWERS TYPE QUESTION.

  1. Distinguish between communicable and non- communicable diseases.
  2. List the way to protect against diseases caused by microorganisms.
  3. Briefly describe the following:
  1. Composing             (b) dumping
  1. State preventive measures against the spread of(a) diarrhea   (b) typhoid
  2. How does anopheles mosquito spread the infection of malaria?
  3. How do disease causing organisms enter our body?

LONG ANSWERS TYPE QUESTIONS.

  1. Describe various modes of direct transmission of communicable diseases.
  2. Discuss various modes of indirect transmission of communicable diseases.
  3. List the measures which help to prevent spread of infections.
  4. Describe various ways to keeping surrounding clean.

Asked by 24avip02 | 18th Oct, 2018, 09:46: PM

Expert Answer:

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

1. Differences between communicable and non-communicable diseases:

BASIS FOR COMPARISON

COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Definition

These diseases spread from person to another and can be spread through the air, water, and food.

These diseases do not spread from one person to another through any mode.

Cause

Caused by pathogens

Caused due to allergy, illness, malnutrition or abnormalities in cell proliferation, changes in lifestyle and environment

Infecting agents

Bacteria and virus

No infectious agents

Example

Tuberculosis, AIDS, Typhoid, Cholera, Malaria.

Cancer, Rickets, Allergies, Kwashiorkor, Diabetes, Heart disease, etc.

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

2. Ways to keep your surroundings clean:

  • Stop littering and dispose of garbage properly.
  • Sort your garbage as dry and wet garbage.
  • Maintain personal and public hygiene.
  • Reduce, reuse and recycle
  • Check for air, water and soil pollution
  • Stress on environmental education and tree plantation

Answered by Sheetal Kolte | 19th Oct, 2018, 04:41: PM