can you please explain what do we mean by human development and what are its different thrust areas ?

Asked by Snigdha Sehgal | 3rd Aug, 2014, 03:29: PM

Expert Answer:

Meaning of Human Resource Development (HRD)

Human Resource Development (HRD) refers to an invest­ment in human capital. Investment in human capital yields a return just like investment in physical capital. Highly educated, better trained and healthier people are highly productive for an economy. Human Development Report published by UNDP compares countries based on the educational level, health status and per capita income.

Major thrust areas for Human Resource Development (HRD) are:

  • Education in India and Development of Human Resources

To improve the pace of capital formation, human resource development is essential in the form of change in existing educational system and by increasing expenditure on education. Elementary education especially universalisation of free and compulsory education up to the age of 14, to regulate with new facilities being created for deprived sections like girl, SCs and STs in rural areas, thrust to vocationalisation of secondary education a centrally sponsored scheme was launched in February, 1998, thrust for higher education etc.

  • Health and Nutrition

Based on Health Survey and Development Committee, 1946 and the Health Survey Planning Committee, the Government of India raised the health standard provisions to ensure the control of epidemics, better health services to control various diseases, to train employees in health department, primary health center development in the rural sector etc.

During the planning period, government of India initiated family welfare and nutritional programmes for vulnerable groups, a special health scheme to provide a few medical facilities to relatively neglected sections of the society, to raise the number of hospital beds in urban areas and rural hospitals, improv­ing the health status of the population by full coverage and quality of care in infrastructure, manpower, equipment etc.

  • Gender Equality

Removal of gender disparity in the educational system improved working condition, equal treatment and secured environment for women to take up jobs in the society. In a nation, the empowered women contribute to the health, nutrition and productivity of family that helps to improve the whole community prospects for the future generation.

 

Answered by Tharageswari S | 4th Aug, 2014, 12:02: PM

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