Brain structure

 

Asked by Sandipphuyal123 | 10th Mar, 2019, 08:10: PM

Expert Answer:

The brain is the main coordinating centre of the body.
 

Part of the brain

Function

Cerebrum

The cerebrum is the centre of intelligence, memory, consciousness, will power and voluntary actions.

Thalamus

The thalamus relays pain and pressure impulses to the cerebrum.

Hypothalamus

The hypothalamus controls the body temperature and the activity of the pituitary gland.

Midbrain

This small tube-like part is responsible for reflexes involving the eyes and ears.

Cerebellum

The cerebellum coordinates muscular activity and balance of the body.

Pons Varolii

The pons varolii carries impulses from one hemisphere to the other hemisphere and coordinates muscular movements on both sides of the body.

Medulla oblongata

The medulla oblongata controls the activities of the internal organs, heartbeat and breathing.

 

The cerebral cortex is divided into 4 lobes-frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe and parietal lobe.

  • Frontal lobe – behaviour, intelligence, memory and movement
  • Parietal lobe- intelligence, language, reading and sensation
  • Temporal lobe- behaviour, hearing, memory, speech, vision
  • Occipital lobe- vision

 

Answered by Sivanand Patnaik | 10th Mar, 2019, 08:47: PM