Answer the following?

Asked by  | 7th May, 2012, 10:38: PM

Expert Answer:

The rest or motion of a body depends upon its position with respect to a reference point.
for example, suppose two persons sitting in a moving bus. so the person sitting inside will say the other person at rest as with respect to hiom the opther person is sitting.
but a person outside the bus will say that both of them sitting inside the bus are in motion as they are moving with the bus. so the reference point in the first case was inside the bus and in the second case was outside the bus.
It is a property of rest, that bodies really at rest do rest in respect to one another. And therefore as it is possible, that in the remote regions of the fixed stars, or perhaps far beyond them, there may be some body absolutely at rest; but impossible to know [scire], from the position of bodies to one another in our regions, whether any of these do keep the same position to that remote body; it follows that absolute rest cannot be determined [definiri] from the position of bodies in our regions.

IX. It is a property of motion, that the parts, which retain given positions to their wholes, do partake of the motions of those wholes. For all the parts of revolving bodies endeavor to recede from the axis of motion; and the impetus of bodies moving forwards arises from the joint impetus of all the parts. Therefore, if surrounding bodies are moved, those that are relatively at rest within them will partake of their motion. Upon which account, the true and absolute motion of a body cannot be determined [definiri] by the translation of it from those which only seem to rest; for the external bodies ought not only to appear at rest, but to be really at rest. For otherwise, all included bodies besides their translation from near the surrounding ones, partake likewise of their true motions; and though that translation were not made, they would not be really at rest, but only seem to be so. For the surrounding bodies stand in the like relation to the surrounded as the exterior part of a whole does to the interior, or as the shell does to the kernel; but if the shell moves, the kernel will also move, as being part of the whole, without any removal from near the shell.

Answered by  | 8th May, 2012, 10:50: AM

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