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(a)State Law of Conservation of Energy and express it in the form of an equation for a body of mass m falling from a point A at height h, above the ground at (i) A (ii) B at a height from ground, (iii) C.
Asked by sahasra4050 | 20 Jan, 2022, 08:53: AM Expert Answer

Law of conservation of energy - Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed; it can only be transformed from one form to another. Consider a body of mass m placed at A.

h = AB is the height of the body above the ground

u = 0 is initial velocity at A

v1 = velocity of body at C

v = velocity of body at B, i.e., just above the ground

(i) At point A

PEA = mgh

KEA = 0

Total mechanical energy at A, EA = PEA + KEA = mgh + 0 = mgh

(ii) At point C

v12-0 = 2gs

v12 = 2gs

KEC = PEC = mg(h-s)

Total mechanical energy at C, EC = PEC + KEC = mg(h-s) + mgs = mgh

(iii) At point B

v2-02 = 2gh

v2 = 2gh

KEB = PEB = 0

Total mechanical energy at B, EB = PEB + KEB = 0 + mgh = mgh

The total mechanical energy of the body at A, B and C (also at any other point in the path AB) is the same. So, the total mechanical energy of the body throughout the free fall is conserved.

Answered by Shiwani Sawant | 20 Jan, 2022, 09:18: AM
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