A constitution is not merely a statement of values and philosophy. It is mainly about embodying these values into institutional arrangements. Justify the statement with appropriate examples. Please answer in points. 5 marks question.
Asked by aahnik.mohanty | 24th Dec, 2017, 08:27: PM
The Constitution of India is known for values and principles embodied in it. For example, the Preamble declares India to be a soverieng, secular, socialist, democratic republic and ensures to its citizens the ideals of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. But the Constitution is not just a statement stating these values. It also includes the institutional structure based on those values which determine the political system of our country. It includes the powers and functions of the government, limitations imposed on it, rights and duties of the citizens etc. For example:
- People of India elect their own representatives. These elected candidates represent the wishes of the people of country. Thus, the Parliament is the symbol of democracy.
- Executive includes both political and permanent executives. They guard the spirit of the constitution and work within its preview.
- The judiciary of our country as instituted by the Constitution is the guardian of the rights of the people and provides justice in an impartial manner.
- The legislature makes laws for the country but its powers can be checked by the members of opposition by asking them questions and raising issues in the Parliament.
- In order to make elections fair, an Election Commission is instituted by the Constitution. Its main responsibility is to conduct elections in a fair way.
Answered by Social Science Expert | 26th Dec, 2017, 08:16: AM
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