(1) Explain in detail how curd is prepared at home?

(2) Describe some commercial uses of  microbes in detail?

(3) What is food preservation?Explain in detail any four common methods of food preservation?

(4) What is pasteurization?Explain the process and how it helps in food preservation?

(5) Explain the role of microorganisms in cleaning the environment?

(6) Describe the mode of  transmission,causative pathogen and preventive measures of the following diseases.

(a) Anthrax (b) Typhoid (c) Tuberculosis (d) Food and  mouth disease (e) Yellow vein mosaic (f) Chickenpox (g) Rinderpest


Asked by gspublicschool | 26th May, 2019, 07:15: PM

Expert Answer:


Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in order to stop or slow down its spoilage while maintaining its nutritional value, texture and flavour.

Methods of food preservation:

  • Salting
    • Biodegradation is prevented under normal conditions
    • Preserved food materials: Fish, pickles
  • Preservation by sugar
    • Reduces the moisture content which inhibits the growth of bacteria
    • Preserved food materials: Jams, jellies, squashes
  • Dehydration (Drying)
    • Inhibits growth of microbes
    • Preserved food materials: Grains, meat, fish, vegetables
  • Irradiation
    • Radioactive or ultraviolet radiation kills microorganisms
    • Preserved food materials: Bakery products
  • Pasteurisation
    • Heating to temperature of about 60°C for 30 min and then chilling kills bacteria
    • Preserved food materials: Milk

4. Pasteurisation involves heating to temperature of about 60°C for 30 min and then chilling which kills the bacteria present in food.

  • Preserved food materials: Milk

5. Role of microorganisms in cleaning the environment:

  • Microorganisms break down or decompose complex organic matter such as wastes of vegetables, fruits, plants and animals, and convert them into simple substances, thereby cleaning the environment.
  • Some algae are used in space flights to purify the air in spaceships.
  • Some kinds of bacteria are able to decompose oil and thus help in cleaning oil sludge from oil tankers in the sea.
(In case of multiple questions within a query, please post each question individually and let us know where you are getting stuck so that we would be able to explain things better.)

Answered by Sheetal Kolte | 27th May, 2019, 12:55: PM