Archive
16th of September 2015
Social Studies
Q:

please can you give some tips on how to learn the various crops grown in different regions based on agriculture from geography.It is really very confusing.

Sunil Kumar Ayyappan Santhamma - CBSE - Class X

Wednesday, September 16, 2015 at 18:17:PM

A:

Dear Sunil,

The table below will help you to remember facts about crops and required geographical conditions:

Crop

Climatic Conditions

Season

Temperature and Rainfall

Soil

States

Rice

Requires hot and wet climatic conditions.

Kharif

Rice requires high temperature above 200C-350C and high rainfall between 150 to 300 cm.

Alluvial, fertile clayey and loamy soil

W. Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Odisha and Bihar

Wheat

Requires cool climate.

Rabi

It requires temperature ranging between 100C to 150C during sowing and 20-250C during harvests. About 80 cm of rainfall is ideal for wheat cultivation

Well drained Alluvial and loamy soil is suitable for the growth of wheat.

Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh are five leading producers of wheat in the country.

Jowar

Hot and dry

Kharif

It grows well in temperature ranging between 270C to 320C. It grows in arid and semi arid regions receiving rainfall under 45cm

It can be grown on red, grey and yellow loamy soil. It can also be grown on sandy soils.

Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Rajasthan.

Bajra

Hot and dry

Kharif

It requires temperature ranging between 250C to 300C and low rainfall, can be grown on regions receiving less than 50cm of rainfall.

Red soil, sandy loamy and black soil

Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana.

Ragi

Hot and dry

Kharif

It requires temperature between 200C to 300C.

Rainfall: 50-100cm rainfall.

Red and sandy loamy soil and well drained alluvial soil

Karnataka (leading producer), Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.

Pulses

Moderate climate

Kharif

Temperature ranging between 200C to 250C and rainfall between 50 to 75cm is required.

It grows well on dry light soil.

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh

Cotton

Hot climate

Kharif

The cotton plant requires high temperature ranging between 210C to 300C. Moderate rainfall ranging between 50 -75 cm is required fro the growth of plant. Rainfall more than 85cm can destroy the crop.

Well drained clayey soil rich in lime and phosphate is suitable for the growth of cotton plant. The deep black soil of the Plateau regions and Gujarat is also considered suitable for the growth of cotton plant.

Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab are chief cotton producing states in the country.

Jute

hot and humid

Kharif

It requires temperature ranging between 240C to 350C and annual rainfall of more than 150cm.

New alluvial soil is considered suitable for the growth of jute crop.

West Bengal (leading producer), Assam, Bihar, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh

Sugarcane

Dry winter season and sunny weather is required for the ripening of the crop.

Kharif

Temperature: experiencing between 200C to 240C

Rainfall: 100-150 cm (well distributed throughout the year).

Rich alluvial and lava soil

Sutluj Ganga plain from Punjab to Bihar, (ii) regions of black soil from Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu and Coastal Andhra Pradesh and the Krishna Valley.

Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh are leading producers of sugar cane in the world. Tamil Nadu is the largest producer of sugarcane in South India.

Tea

Moderate climate with high humidity

Harvesting season varies from states to states

Temperature: 240C to 300C

Rainfall: 150cm well distributed throughout the year.

well drained loamy soil and forest soil rich in humus

Assam, West Bengal,  Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Coffee

Warm climate

Harvesting varies from season to season

Temperature: 150C to 280C.

Rainfall: between 150cm to 200 cm

Rich well drained friable loamy soil

Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Rubber

hot and humid

Harvesting: October to January

Temperature: between 250C to 350C.

Rainfall: 200 cm to 400cm.

rich, well drained alluvial and laterite soils

Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Tripura, Assam, Goa and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


Wednesday, September 16, 2015 at 18:49:PM