Pharoahs Of Egypt

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Pharaoh Akhenaten

Akhenaten known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV, was a Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. He is especially noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monotheistic or henotheistic. An early inscription likens him to the sun as compared to stars, and later official language avoids calling the Aten a god, giving the solar deity a status above mere gods.

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Pharaoh Akhenaten
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Akhenaten

This shrine stela also from the early part of the Amarna period depicts Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Princesses Meretaten, Mekeaten, and Ankhesenpaaten worshiping the Aten as a family.While Akhenaten leans forward to give Meretaten a kiss, Mekeaten plays on her mother's lap and gazes up lovingly.

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Akhenaten
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King Ahmose I

Ahmose I was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt and the founder of the Eighteenth dynasty. He was a member of the Theban royal house, the son of pharaoh Tao II Seqenenre and brother of the last pharaoh of the Seventeenth dynasty, King Kamose.Ahmose I assumed the throne after the death of his brother,and upon coronation became known as Neb-Pehty-Re (The Lord of Strength is Re).

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King Ahmose I
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Cleopatra VII

Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. She was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a family of Greek origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great's death during the Hellenistic period. The Ptolemies, throughout their dynasty, spoke Greek and refused to speak Egyptian, which is the reason that Greek as well as Egyptian languages were used on official court documents such as the Rosetta Stone.

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Cleopatra VII
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Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut was the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. She is generally regarded by Egyptologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman of an indigenous Egyptian dynasty.Hatshepsut is arguably the first important female head of state known to history. She ruled Egypt for two decades during Egypt’s 18th Dynasty and her achievements were comparable to those of England’s Elizabeth I. In the 1920s and early 1930s, the Metropolitan Museum’s excavation team was largely responsible for the discovery, excavation, and reconstruction of the statuary that once decorated Hatshepsut’s temple at Deir el-Bahri in western Thebes.

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Hatshepsut
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Khufu

Khufu, was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's Old Kingdom. He reigned from around 2589 to 2566 BC. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty. He is generally accepted as being the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Khufu's full name was "Khnum-Khufu" which means "the god Khnum protects me."

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Khufu
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Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. His original name, Tutankhaten, means "Living Image of Aten", while Tutankhamun means "Living Image of Amun".

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Tutankhamun
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Menes

Menes was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the early dynastic period, credited by classical tradition with having united Upper and Lower Egypt, and as the founder of the first dynasty.The name, Menes, means "He who endures".A unified kingdom was founded circa 3150 BC by King Menes, giving rise to a series of dynasties that ruled Egypt for the next three millennia.

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Menes
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Ramesses II

Ramesses II referred to as Ramesses the Great, was the third Egyptian pharaoh of the Nineteenth dynasty. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire.His successors and later Egyptians called him the "Great Ancestor".Statues of the Pharaoh Ramses II at Abu Simbel, a twin temple in Nubia was carved out of a mountainside in the 13th century B.C. The temple complex was meant to proclaim the might of Egypt to its southern neighbors and to reinforce the status of Egypt's religion in the region.Considered to be one of the most beautiful sites in Egypt, it is a popular tourist destination.

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Ramesses II
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Snefru

Snefru was the first king of the 4th dynasty (2613 - 2589 BC). He ruled for an estimated 24 years. Unlike most kings, he was not declared kingship though birthright but through marriage. He was a superior military manager and advanced Egypt’s economy. Establishing trading routes along the Mediterranean, Snefru planned in moving ahead his empire to great lengths. His most famous contribution was the Bent Pyramid of Dahshur.

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Snefru
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Bent Pyramid of Dahshur

Like most Pharaohs, death was a very important aspect of Snefru’s life. He constructed the pyramid at Maidum, which eventually collapsed. Although this pyramid failed, Snefru still did not give up. His next major plan was the construction of the Bent Pyramid located in Dahshur.The bent pyramid was planned as a pyramid. The sides soon became too steep and a quick fix was needed. They changed the degree of the pyramid which made the structure more stable.

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Bent Pyramid of Dahshur
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