Types of Communication

Image
02

Verbal

Humans mainly use speech to communicate. Even though animals and insects cannot speak like us they have a language of their own.

01
Verbal
02

Written

This is mainly used by humans. Symbols and codes form a part of written means of communication which has been used for ages. Great epics have been put down in written format to be passed down the ages.

01
Written
02

Non Verbal-Sound

Humans use sound to indicate a wide range of feelings or emotions. A sigh expresses sadness. The sound ‘Aaah’ when getting hurt and while sitting down expresses pain or tiredness. In tribal culture when long distance communication was to be done. They used to use drums. Sound patterns were used to communicate information like the approach of an enemy. Trumpets in wars announced the soldiers to attack or retreat. The conch in Indian war signifies Victory.

01
Non Verbal-Sound
02

Animals and sound

Animals use sound the same way as humans. The death-watch Beetle cannot speak like us; so it communicates by creating sounds by tapping his head on wood.

01
Animals and sound
02

Crickets

Crickets rub their wings together to produce a shrill noise, to attract a mate and repel other males.

01
Crickets
02

Non Verbal-Visual

Showing a ‘V’ sign with your fingers means Victory or Peace.

01
Non Verbal-Visual
02

Non Verbal-Visual-Colors

Colors essential in visual communication. The signal pole turns RED means stop, GREEN is a go ahead communication.

01
Non Verbal-Visual-Colors
02

Non Verbal-Visual-Colors

Snakes like the coral snake have bright colors that indicate that they are poisonous to predators.

01
Non Verbal-Visual-Colors
02

Non Verbal-Visual-Colors

The firefly has light-producing organs at the posterior end of the abdomen. Present in this organ are two chemicals, luciferase and luciferin. The enzyme luciferase triggers the process of light production, and luciferin produces the light. The light emission is 100 per cent and is described as “cold light” because unlike bulbs or tube lights there is no loss of energy in the form of heat. The light produced may be in the form of a glow or flashes.

01
Non Verbal-Visual-Colors
02

Non Verbal-Visual

Tigers scratch on trees to mark their territory and these scratches is like a Bio-Data to other tigers. It gives the height, weight and other records to the new comer indicating that its time to leave.

01
Non Verbal-Visual
02

Non Verbal-Visual-Touch

Like humans, apes and other animals also use touch to communicate. Tapping or placing a hand on someones shoulder from behind makes them turn around and be attentive to you. Placing a hand on someone's shoulder at times of stress can be a sign of saying ‘ I care or I understand, everything will be OK’.

01
Non Verbal-Visual-Touch
02

Non Verbal-Visual-Smell

Humans use deodorant or perfumes to mask unpleasant smell and communicate a sense of freshness. Burning of incense stick brings to memory of prayer time or holy places.

01
Non Verbal-Visual-Smell
02

Ants

Ants, bees & wasps communicate with each other using pheromones. Like other insects, ants perceive smells with their long, thin and mobile antennae. The paired antennae provide information about the direction and intensity of scents. Since most ants live on the ground, they use the soil surface to leave pheromone trails that can be followed by other ants. When an established path to a food source is blocked by an obstacle, the foragers leave the path to explore new routes. If any ant is successful, it leaves a new trail marking the shortest route on its return. Successful trails are followed by more ants. A crushed ant or bee emits an alarm pheromone that sends nearby ants into an attack frenzy and attracts more ants from further away.

01
Ants
02

Symbols

Like Humans, insects too use signs to communicate. Bees, who have successfully found a source of food, perform a dance on their return to the hive, known as waggle dance, indicating that food is farther away, while the round dance is a short version of the waggle dance, indicating that food is nearby. The laden forager dances on the comb in a circular pattern, occasionally crossing the circle in a zigzag or waggle pattern.

01
Symbols
Share facebook twitter gplus

Related Slideshows