Improvement in Food Resources

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Food

Food supplies proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals, all of which we require for body development, growth and health.

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Food
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Macro-Nutrients

Nutrients that the body uses in relatively large amounts - proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Macronutrients provide calories to the body as well as performing other functions.

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Macro-Nutrients
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Micro-Nutrients

Nutrients that the body requires in smaller amounts, such as vitamins and minerals.

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Micro-Nutrients
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Sources of Food

Both plants and animals are major sources of food. We obtain most of this food from agriculture and animal husbandry.

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Sources of Food
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Green Revolution

Green Revolution refers to a series of research, development, and technology transfer initiatives that increased agriculture production around the world beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.

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Green Revolution
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White Revolution

It resulted in making India the largest producer of milk and milk products, and hence is also called the White Revolution of India. Objective was to create a nationwide milk grid.

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White Revolution
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Manure

Manure contains large quantities of organic matter and also supplies small quantities of nutrients to the soil. Manure is prepared by the decomposition of animal excreta and plant wastes.

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Manure
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Composting

The process in which farm waste material like livestock excreta(cow dung etc.),vegetable waste,animal refuse,domestic waste, sewage waste, straw, eradicated weeds etc. is decomposed in pits is known as composting.

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Composting
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Green Manure

Prior to the sowing of the crop seeds, some plants like sun hemp or guar are grown and then mulched by ploughing them into the soil turning them into green manure which helps in enriching the soil in nitrogen and phosphorus.

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Green Manure
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Fertilizers

Fertilizers are commercially produced plant nutrients. Fertilizers supply nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

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Fertilizers
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Irrigation

Irrigation may be defined as the science of artificial application of water to the land or soil.

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Irrigation
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Animal Husbandry

Animal husbandry is the scientific management of animal livestock. It includes various aspects such as feeding, breeding and disease control.

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Animal Husbandry
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Cattle Farming

Cattle husbandry is done for two purposes, milk and draught labour for agricultural work such as tilling, irrigation and carting.

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Cattle Farming
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Poultry Farming

Poultry farming is undertaken to raise domestic fowl for egg production and chicken meat.

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Poultry Farming
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Fish Production

Fish production includes the finned true fish as well as shellfish such as prawns and molluscs.

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Fish Production
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Inland Fishery

Inland fishery is defined as inland capture plus aquaculture.

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Inland Fishery
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Marine Fishery

It is catching, processing and selling of different varieties of the fish found in deep seas.

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Marine Fishery
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Beekeeping

Beekeeping (apiculture) is the maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans.

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Beekeeping
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